Impact assessment of an innovative process for levulinic acid production from biomass

Losi, Lorenzo (2019) Impact assessment of an innovative process for levulinic acid production from biomass. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
Il full-text non è disponibile per scelta dell'autore. (Contatta l'autore)


A large part of energy carriers and chemicals of our society come from fossil fuels; due to their critical exploitation and environmental concerns, alternative solutions should be promoted. The goal of this work is to understand the environmental impacts of different supply chains of levulinic acid production. To enable this comparison, a cradle-to-gate LCA was conducted on different kinds of biomasses, under an innovative thermochemical process called Biofine. The study concerns biomass not only of agri-food origin (corn stover, barley straw, wheat straw), but also deriving from the waste collection supply chain (organic fraction of municipal solid waste). Results show that biochemicals production from waste-derived biomass represent the lowest environmental impact solution, compared to the supply chain with biomass of agri-food origin. For agri-food biomasses, the impacts deriving from the agricultural phase are orders of magnitude more significant than those of the industrial phase, while the transport phase is the least impacting in absolute terms. For waste-derived biomasses, transport is the most impacting phase of the entire supply chain.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Losi, Lorenzo
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Levulinic Acid,Biomass,Biofine,LCA,Life Cycle Assessment,openLCA,Industrial Ecology,Environmental Impact,Biorefinery,Biochemicals,Corn stover,Barley straw,Wheat straw,Municipal Solid Waste,MSW,Organic fraction of municipal solid waste,OFMSW,Oil palm empty fruit bunches,OPEFB
Data di discussione della Tesi
15 Marzo 2019

Altri metadati

Gestione del documento: Visualizza il documento