Messa a punto delle condizioni ottime di infusione di foglie di Ilex guayusa mediante disegno sperimentale Box-Behnken

Rivola, Maria (2018) Messa a punto delle condizioni ottime di infusione di foglie di Ilex guayusa mediante disegno sperimentale Box-Behnken. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Scienze e tecnologie alimentari [LM-DM270] - Cesena, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Ilex guayusa, a tree native from the Amazon Rainforest, represents an important part of the culinary traditions and folk medicine of the indigenous tribes. In fact, infusions of different parts of the tree have been used as natural remedies. Particularly, the infusion obtained by the dry leaves of guayusa is a source of phenolic compounds, which are considered as antioxidant substances and have been associated with numerous benefits for human health. Currently, the growing interest of consumers towards healthy food and drinks has led to the rapid spread of this drink. However, the scientific literature about the content of polar compounds in infusion of guayusa leaves is scarce. Therefore, the aims of the present work were to enhance the extraction conditions of phenolic compounds from guayusa leaves by infusion and to characterize them via HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS. To reach these objectives, a Box-Behnken design (BBD) was applied to test the effect of different extraction conditions (time 2, 8 and 14 min), temperature (25, 62.5 and 100 °C) and solid ratio (0.25, 0.375 and 0.50 g) on the sum of phenolic content. On the one hand, the optimal conditions were 1 min infusion, 100 °C and 0.370 g of dry leaves. On the other hand, the 99% of the nine phenolic compounds identified were phenolic acids derivatives from hydroxycinnamic acid and the 1% belonged to the flavonoid family. The major compound was dicaffeoylquinic acid (68%). The difference between the results obtained and those of other researches is probably due to the stochastic nature of the vegetable matrix samples, since their chemical composition is susceptible to multiple factors. To sum up, the use of experimental design provided greater quantity of phenolic compounds than other extraction techniques such as blanching, or only to the oxidation process. Besides, the high resolution of the TOF spectrometer allowed the characterization of new isomers of the compounds previously described.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Rivola, Maria
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
guayusa,Box-Behnken design,Response Surface Methodology,HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS,Polifenoli,Antiossidanti
Data di discussione della Tesi
11 Dicembre 2018

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