Experiments on Chinese historical brick and masonry to evaluate their physical and mechanical properties after freeze-thaw cycles

Franceschelli, Stefano (2018) Experiments on Chinese historical brick and masonry to evaluate their physical and mechanical properties after freeze-thaw cycles. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria dei processi e dei sistemi edilizi [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
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Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) and Rebound test as non-destructive techniques may effectively contribute to in situ analysis of bricks and masonries elements for the restoration, rehabilitation and strengthening of historic buildings. Fired-clay bricks were commonly used in buildings in ancient China, but there is few knowledge on their behaviour in environmental conditions. Moisture is one of the main factors that cause deterioration in historic building, in particular in areas with natural freeze-thaw cycles. In this work, two laboratory experiments were carried out, at Tongji University, China, and DICAM Department of Bologna University, Italy, respectively. Fired-clay bricks about 200 years old were collected from demolished buildings in Changzhi City in Shanxi Province, belonging to the Yellow River Region, where the climate involves natural freeze-thaw cycles. The aim was to evaluate how the frost damage changes the physical and mechanical properties of Chinese historical bricks and masonries. Several non-destructive methods were used, focusing on the effectiveness of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) for evaluating physical and mechanical properties of Chinese historic grey bricks and masonries. Destructive tests were also used to evaluate compressive strength and static elastic modulus. The samples showed a reduction of their properties due to freeze-thaw cycles. The presence of water affected the values of the analysed parameters, leading to a decrease of UPV. The trend determined by these methods can be used to assess the uniformity of bricks and to detect areas of poor quality or deteriorated masonry structures.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Franceschelli, Stefano
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Historic buildings rehabilitation
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Historic masonry, Porous materials, Freeze-thaw, Compressive test, Ultrasonic pulse velocity test, Static elastic modulus, Dynamic elastic modulus, Chinese historic grey bricks
Data di discussione della Tesi
14 Marzo 2018

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