Study of nanostructured targets for plasma production via laser ablation

Frassetto, Marco (2016) Study of nanostructured targets for plasma production via laser ablation. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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Abstract

Metal nanowires (NWs) - nanostructures 20-100 nm in diameter and up to tens of micrometers long - behave as waveguides when irradiated with light with wavelength much greater than their diameter. This is due to collective excitations of free electrons (plasmons) in the metal which couple to light and travel on the surface of the nanowire. This effect can be used to efficiently absorb laser pulses to produce dense and hot plasma on special nanostructured targets with metal nanowires vertically aligned on the surface. In this thesis work, nanostructured targets with different parameters (length, diameter, metal and fabrication process) have been irradiated with infrared laser light. X-ray flux emitted by the cooling plasma is measured during irradiation, and the depth of craters formed on the target is measured later. This data is used to choose which target parameters are best for plasma production. Different targets are compared with each other and against a control, non-nanostructured (bulk) target. As will be shown, highly significant (> 5 sigma) differences are found between targets with different nanostructures, and between nanostructured and bulk target. This differences are very difficult to explain whithout accounting for the nanostructures in the targets. Therefore, data collected and analized in this thesis work supports the hypotesys that nanostructured targets perform better than bulk targets for laser plasma production purposes, and provides useful indications for optimization of NWS' parameters.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Frassetto, Marco
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
Curriculum B: Fisica nucleare e subnucleare
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
nanowires,nanotechnology,plasmonic effect,laser,plasma,nanostructured
Data di discussione della Tesi
21 Ottobre 2016
URI

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