Preliminary identification of dehalogenation specificities exhibited by dehalorespiring bacteria from a marine microbial community

Ramaji, Sathvika Devi (2016) Preliminary identification of dehalogenation specificities exhibited by dehalorespiring bacteria from a marine microbial community. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

The ability of a previously PCB-enriched microbial culture from Venice Lagoon marine sediments to dechlorinate pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 2,3,5-trichlorophenol (2,3,5-TCP) was confirmed under anaerobic conditions in microcosms consisting of site water and sediment. Dechlorination activities against Aroclor 1254 PCB mixture were also confirmed as control. Pentachlorophenol was degraded to 2,4,6-TCP (75.92±0.85 mol%), 3,5-DCP (6.40±0.75 mol%), and phenol (15.40±0.87 mol%). From the distribution of the different dechlorination products accumulated in the PCP-spiked cultures over time, two dechlorination pathways for PCP were proposed: (i) PCP to 2,3,4,6-TeCP, then to 2,4,6-TCP through the removal of both meta double-flanked chlorine substituents (main pathway); (ii) alternately, PCP to 2,3,5,6-TeCP, 2,3,5-TCP, 3,5-DCP, then phenol, through the removal of the para double-flanked chlorine, followed by ortho single-flanked chlorines, and finally meta unflanked chlorines (minor pathway). Removal of meta double-flanked chlorines is thus preferred over all other substituents. 2,3,5-TCP, that completely lacks double-flanked chlorines, was degraded to 3,5-DCP through removal of the ortho single-flanked chlorine, with a 99.6% reduction in initial concentration of 2,3,5-TCP by week 14. 16S rRNA PCR-DGGE using Chloroflexi-specific primers revealed a different role of the two microorganisms VLD-1 and VLD-2, previously identified as dechlorinators in the Aroclor 1254 PCB-enriched community, in the dehalogenation of chlorophenols. VLD-1 was observed both in PCP- and TCP-dechlorinating communities, whereas VLD-2 only in TCP-dechlorinating communities. This indicates that VLD-1 and VLD-2 may both dechlorinate ortho single-flanked chlorines, but only VLD-1 is able to remove double-flanked meta or para chlorines.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Ramaji, Sathvika Devi
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
Earth resources engineering
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
microbial reductive dechlorination,pentachlorophenol,trichlorophenol,marine sediments
Data di discussione della Tesi
15 Luglio 2016
URI

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