Description and Prediction of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's Disease from Wearable Inertial Measurements Units

Ferster, Maria Laura (2016) Description and Prediction of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's Disease from Wearable Inertial Measurements Units. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Ingegneria delle telecomunicazioni [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neuro-degenerative disorder, the second most common after Alzheimer's disease. After diagnosis, treatments can help to relieve the symptoms, but there is no known cure for PD. PD is characterized by a combination of motor and no-motor dysfunctions. Among the motor symptoms there is the so called Freezing of Gait (FoG). The FoG is a phenomenon in PD patients in which the feet stock to the floor and is difficult for the patient to initiate movement. FoG is a severe problem, since it is associated with falls, anxiety, loss of mobility, accidents, mortality and it has substantial clinical and social consequences decreasing the quality of life in PD patients. Medicine can be very successful in controlling movements disorders and dealing with some of the PD symptoms. However, the relationship between medication and the development of FoG remains unclear. Several studies have demonstrated that visual or auditory rhythmical cuing allows PD patients to improve their motor abilities. Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) was shown to be particularly effective at improving gait, specially with patients that manifest FoG. While RAS allows to reduce the time and the effects of FoGs occurrence in PD patients after the FoG is detected, it can not avoid the episode due to the latency of detection. An improvement of the system would be the prediction of the FoG. This thesis was developed following two main objectives: (1) the finding of specifics properties during pre FoG periods different from normal walking context and other walking events like turns and stops using the information provided by the inertial measurements units (IMUs) and (2) the formulation of a model for automatically detect the pre FoG patterns in order to completely avoid the upcoming freezing event in PD patients. The first part focuses on the analysis of different methods for feature extraction which might lead in the FoG occurrence.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Ferster, Maria Laura
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
Parkinson Disease,Freezing of Gait,Prediction,Gait,IMUs,Learning algorithm,Feature extraction
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Giugno 2016
URI

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