Development of a fluorescent-based single liposome assay for studying calcium transporter LMCA1

Guarnieri, Alessandro (2016) Development of a fluorescent-based single liposome assay for studying calcium transporter LMCA1. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Fisica [LM-DM270]
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Abstract

The morphological and functional unit of all the living organisms is the cell. The transmembrane proteins, localized in the plasma membrane of cells, play a key role in the survival of the cells themselves. These proteins perform a variety of different tasks, for example the control of the homeostasis. In order to control the homeostasis, these proteins have to regulate the concentration of chemical elements, like ions, inside and outside the cell. These regulations are fundamental for the survival of the cell and to understand them we need to understand how transmembrane proteins work. Two of the most important categories of transmembrane proteins are ion channels and transporter proteins. The ion channels have been depth studied at the single molecule level since late 1970s with the development of patch-clamp technique. It is not possible to apply this technique to study the transporter proteins so a new technique is under development in order to investigate the behavior of transporter proteins at the single molecule level. This thesis describes the development of a nanoscale single liposome assay for functional studies of transporter proteins based on quantitative fluorescence microscopy in a highly-parallel manner and in real time. The transporter of interest is the prokaryotic transporter Listeria Monocytogenes Ca2+-ATPase1 (LMCA1), a structural analogue of the eukaryotic calcium pumps SERCA and PMCA. This technique will allow the characterization of LMCA1 functionality at the single molecule level. Three systematically characterized fluorescent sensors were tested at the single liposome scale in order to investigate if their properties are suitable to study the function of the transporter of interest. Further studies will be needed in order to characterize the selected calcium sensor and pH sensor both implemented together in single liposomes and in presence of the reconstituted protein LMCA1.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Guarnieri, Alessandro
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
Curriculum E: Fisica applicata
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
Biophysics Nanoscience Fluorophores Transporters LMCA1 Liposomes TIRFM Spectrofluorimetry Membranes
Data di discussione della Tesi
31 Marzo 2016
URI

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