Processes influencing the nitrate concentration in an aquifer for drinking water production in Bremen-Nord - Northern Germany

Martinelli, Agnese (2016) Processes influencing the nitrate concentration in an aquifer for drinking water production in Bremen-Nord - Northern Germany. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Geologia e territorio [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Groundwater represents the most important raw material. Germany struggles to maintain the best water quality possible by providing advanced monitoring systems and legal measures to prevent further pollution. In areas involved in the intensive growing of plantations, one of the major contamination factors derives from nitrate. The aim of this master thesis is the characterisation of the Water Protection Area of Bremen (Germany). Denitrification is a natural process, representing the best means of natural reduction of the hazardous nitrate ion, which is dangerous both for human health and for the development of eutrophication. The study has been possible thanks to the collaboration with the University of Bremen, the Geological Service of Bremen (GDfB) and Peter Spiedt (Water Supply Company of Bremen). It will be defined whether nitrate amounts in the groundwater still overcome the threshold legally imposed, and state if the denitrification process takes place, thanks to new samples collected in 2015 and their integration with historical data. Gas samples have been gathered to test them with the “N2/Ar method”, which is able to estimate the denitrification rate quantitatively. Analyses stated the effective occurrence of the reaction, nevertheless showing that it only affects the chemical of the deep aquifers and not shallow ones. Temporal trends concentrations of nitrate have shown that no real improvement took place in the past years. It will be commented that despite the denitrification being responsible for an efficacious lowering in the nitrate ion, it needs reactive materials to take place. Since the latter are finite elements, it is not an endless process. It is thus believed that is clearly necessary to adopt a better attitude in order to maintain the best chemical qualities possible in such an important area, providing drinking water.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Martinelli, Agnese
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum A: Rischio idrogeologico
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
nitrate denitrification water protection area Bremen fertilizer
Data di discussione della Tesi
18 Marzo 2016

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