Analisi di morfologie carsiche o crio-carsiche in relazione alla mobilizzazione di fluidi nella regione di Arabia Terra, Marte.

De Berardinis, Pierluigi (2016) Analisi di morfologie carsiche o crio-carsiche in relazione alla mobilizzazione di fluidi nella regione di Arabia Terra, Marte. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Geologia e territorio [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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This thesis tries to interpret the origin and evolution of karst-like forms present in Arabia Terra, a region of Mars that develops in the equatorial zone of the planet. The work has been carried out specifically in the craters Crommelin (4o 91’ N-10o 51’ E), 12000088 (3o 48’ N-1o 30’ E), NE 12000088 (4° 20’ N-2° 50’ E), C "2" (3° 54’ N-1° W), and in their surrounding areas. These craters contain layered deposits characterized by a high albedo and on which erosion is very pronounced. The area containing the craters is a plateau that has the same characteristics of albedo and texture. The preliminary morphological study has made use of instrumentation such as the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), in particular HiRISE images (High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment), CTX (Context Camera) and CRISM (Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometers for Mars). A regional geomorphological map has been drawn up containing the main morphotypes, and detailed geomorphological maps were prepared for different karst-like morphologies. The analysis of spectral data collected from CRISM instrumentation has allowed to identify the footprint of sulphate minerals in the external area. Data were collected for morphometric negative forms (karst-like) and positive forms (mud volcanoes, dikes and pingos). For the analysis of the relief forms DTMs (Digital Terrain Models) produced by the union of stereographic CTX couples or HiRISE were used. From the analysis of high-resolution images morphological footprints similar to periglacial environments have been identified, including the presence of patterned ground and polygonal cracks found all over the area of investigation, and relief structures similar to pingos present in the crater C "2". These observations allow us to imagine a geological past with a cold climate at the equator able to freeze the few fluids present in the Martian arid terrain. The development of karst-like landforms, on the other hand, can be attributed to a subsequent improval of the weather conditions that led to a normal climate regime for the equatorial areas, resulting in the degradation of the permafrost. The melt waters have thus allowed the partial dissolution of the sulphate layers. The karst-like forms look rather fresh suggesting them to be not that old.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
De Berardinis, Pierluigi
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Curriculum C: Risorse sotterranee fluide
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Remote Sensing, Mars, Geomorphology, karst-like, Termokarst terrain
Data di discussione della Tesi
18 Marzo 2016

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