Studio dell'interazione di etanolo con catalizzatori TiO2-CeOx.

Farci, Erika (2016) Studio dell'interazione di etanolo con catalizzatori TiO2-CeOx. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Due to the limited availability of natural oil and the harmful effects of its usage, the industry has focused in searching for sustainable types of raw materials for the production of chemicals. The bioethanol, obtained by fermentation of biomass, has gained particular importance in recent years both as a biofuel, and as a “building block” molecule because it can be considered as a starting reagent to obtain other added value chemical compounds, such as ethylene, acetaldehyde, butadiene and ethyl acetate. The goal of this research was the study of the interaction of ethanol with catalysts based on TiO2-CeOX. Since the electronic properties have implications on the catalytic activity, the idea was to understand if the TiO2-CeOX systems have different reactivity from that of ceria and rutile alone, or an intermediate between them. The study was focused on the characterization of the adsorbed species on the catalysts surface after ethanol adsorption through an in-situ spectroscopic technique (DRIFTS) that allowed us to extract information that could be helpful for the understanding of the processes at the molecular level. The mass spectrometry was used to monitor on-line the desorbed products. Furthermore, reactivity tests in a flow reactor were performed, in order to verify the catalytic behavior of the samples in conditions which are more similar to those applied at an industrial scale. The samples showed to behave in different way depending on the conditions used and the thermal treatment. The particular behavior of the mixed samples with respect to the single oxides is interpreted for each case according to the spectroscopic information collected.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Farci, Erika
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Parole chiave
drift titania ceria ethanol
Data di discussione della Tesi
23 Marzo 2016

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