Chitosan-Coated Gold Nanorods as Contrast Agents for Hyperspectral Photoacoustic Imaging of Murine Bladder Cancer

Maturi, Mirko (2017) Chitosan-Coated Gold Nanorods as Contrast Agents for Hyperspectral Photoacoustic Imaging of Murine Bladder Cancer. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270], Documento full-text non disponibile
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Abstract

In the present work, gold nanorods (GNRs) are synthetized from metal salt precursors in presence of CTAB (cetyl trimethylammonium chloride) in aqueous environment, leading to the formation of nanoparticles capped by a double bilayer of surfactant. Then, high-molecular-weight chitosan is chemically modified with thioglycolic acid to insert thiol groups on the sugar backbone. Thiol moieties have been exploited due to their ability of binding gold, replacing cytotoxic CTAB from the surface of the nanoparticle. Chitosan is able to strongly interact with bladder wall cells and GNRs display a strong optical absorption in the NIR: therefore, the nanosystem is tested as contrast agent for multispectral photoacoustic imaging of the bladder. Firstly, biodistribution and toxicity of the nanosystem is tested in vivo on mice which have been intravesically perfused with chitosan-coated GNRs. Then, catheterally perfused murine bladders are studied ex vivo by dual-modality ultrasound/photoacoustic imaging, highlighting the localization of GNRs in part of the urothelium. Finally, acquired multispectral data are decomposed by a multivariate curve resolution algorithm (MCR-ALS) which allows the successful separation of the spectral contributions of different photoabsorbers in different distribution images, generating a refined spectrum related to each pure component.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Maturi, Mirko
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Indirizzo
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
gold nanorods photoacoustic imaging surface chemistry chitosan nanomedicine bladder cancer
Data di discussione della Tesi
19 Luglio 2017
URI

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