The effect of poly(lactide)-poly(carbonate) based block copolymers on the morphology and crystallization of double crystalline poly(lactide)/poly(ε-caprolactone) blends

Marinetti, Loris (2016) The effect of poly(lactide)-poly(carbonate) based block copolymers on the morphology and crystallization of double crystalline poly(lactide)/poly(ε-caprolactone) blends. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

Block copolymers of poly(lactide) and poly(carbonate) were synthetized in three different compositions and characterized by 1H-NMR and ATR analyses. The compatibilization effect of this copolymers on 80/20 (w/w%) PLA/PCL blend was evaluated. SEM micrographs show that all the blends exhibit the typical sea-island morphology characteristic of immiscible blends with PCL finely dispersed in droplets on a PLA matrix. Upon the addiction of the copolymers a reduction on PCL droplets size is observable. At the same time, a Tg depression of the PLA phase is detected when the copolymers are added in the blend. These results indicate that these copolymers are effective as compatibilizers. The copolymer that acts as the best compatibilizer is the one characterized by the same amount of PLA and PC as repeating units. As result, in the blend containing this copolymer PLA phase exhibits the highest spherulitic growth rate. An analyses on PLA phase crystallization behaviour from the glassy state within the blends was evaluated by DSC experiments. Isothermal cold crystallization of the PLA phase is enhanced up an order of magnitude upon the blending with PCL. Annealing experiments demonstrated that the crystallization of the PCL phase induces the formation of active nuclei in PLA when cooled above cooled below Tg. When the crystallization rate of PCL is retarded, a reduction on PLA nucleation is observed.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Marinetti, Loris
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
block copolymers overall crystallization rate crystal growth rate isothermal crystallization poly(L-lactide)
Data di discussione della Tesi
12 Ottobre 2016
URI

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