Supporting Cubane’s Renaissance: Metathesis reactions on 4-iodo-1-vinylcubane and Stetter reaction on 1-iodocubane-4-carboxaldehyde

Fasolini, Andrea (2016) Supporting Cubane’s Renaissance: Metathesis reactions on 4-iodo-1-vinylcubane and Stetter reaction on 1-iodocubane-4-carboxaldehyde. [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Chimica industriale [LM-DM270], Documento ad accesso riservato.
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Abstract

Cubane is a peculiar cube-shaped alkane molecule with a rigid, regular structure. This makes it a good scaffold, i.e. a molecular platform to which the substituents are arranged in a specific and fixed orientation. Moreover, cubane has a body diagonal of 2.72 Å, very similar to the distance across the benzene ring, i.e. 2.79 Å. Thus, it would be possible to use cubane as a scaffold in medicinal and material chemistry as a benzene isostere 1,2. This could lead to advantages in terms of solubility and toxicity and could provide novel properties. For this purpose, the possibility of performing “modern organic chemistry” on the cubane scaffold has to be studied. This project was entirely carried out in the framework of the Erasmus+ mobility programme at the Trinity College (Dublin, IRL) under the supervision of prof. M. O. Senge. The main goal of this project was to widen the knowledge on cubane chemistry. In particular, it was decided to test reactions that were never applied to the scaffold before, such as metathesis of 4-iodo-1-vinylcubane and Stetter reaction of 1-iodocubane-4-carboxaldehyde. These two molecules were synthesized in 10 and 9 steps respectively from commercially available cyclopentanone, following a known procedure. Unfortunately, metathesis with different olefins, such as styrene, α,β unsaturated compounds and linear α-olefins failed under different conditions, highlighting cubane behaves as a Type IV, challenging olefin under metathesis conditions. Even the employment of a specific catalyst for hindered olefins failed in the cross-coupling with linear α-olefins. On the other hand, two new molecules were synthesized via Stetter reaction and benzoin condensation respectively. Even if the majority of the reactions were not successful, this work can be seen as an inspiration for further investigation on cubane chemistry, as new questions were raised and new opportunities were envisioned.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Fasolini, Andrea
Relatore della tesi
Correlatore della tesi
Scuola
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
DM270
Parole chiave
cubane 4-iodo-1-vinylcubane 1-iodocubane-4-carboxaldehyde Stetter reaction cross metathesis
Data di discussione della Tesi
12 Ottobre 2016
URI

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