User centered retrofit: The case of kadk campus, Copenhagen, (dk)

Parini, Luca (2016) User centered retrofit: The case of kadk campus, Copenhagen, (dk). [Laurea magistrale], Università di Bologna, Corso di Studio in Architettura [LM-DM270] - Cesena, Documento ad accesso riservato.
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The following research thesis is about a retrofit project made in Denmark, Copenhagen, and carried out on one of the buildings belonging to the Royal Danish Academy. The key assumption and base of the entire research process is that, up to now, the standard procedure in retrofit cases like this provides as comparative method between de facto and design, the use of Energy Simulation software. These programs generally divide the space into different thermal zones, assigning to each of them different levels of employment, activities, set-point temperatures set for cooling and heating analysis and so on, but always providing average and constant values, usually taken in the middle point of the single thermal zone. Therefore, the project and its research path stems from the attempt to investigate the potentialities of this kind of designing for retrofit process, as previously anticipated not antithetical but complementary to that classic energy-based retrofit, thus passing from the building scale, and all its thermal zones, to the users' scale, related to humans and microclimates. The main software used in this process is Autodesk Simulation CFD. The idea behind the project is that in certain situations, for example, it will not be necessary to add throughout insulation layers (previously parameterized and optimized with Design Builder), and that even in Winter conditions, due maybe to the users' activities, the increased level of clothing (clo) and the heat produced by equipments, thermal comfort could be achieved also in areas characterized by considerably lower MRT. After the analysis of the State of Art and its simulations, the project has still been supported by the tool itself, the CFD Software, in an iterative process aimed at achieving visible improvements in terms of MRT, on spaces with different needs and characteristics, both in Winter and Summer regimes.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di laurea (Laurea magistrale)
Autore della tesi
Parini, Luca
Relatore della tesi
Corso di studio
Ordinamento Cds
Parole chiave
Energy, retrofit, thermal, comfort, Denmark, university, Copenhagen
Data di discussione della Tesi
17 Marzo 2016

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